On This Day is a tour in time and space. Each of the photographs has been taken at the precise spot and precise time when something extraordinary and transformative occurred. Here was a moment that was both fleeting and eternal — over in an instant but whose consequences would change the world forever.
Photograph: The Wannsee Conference was a meeting of senior officials of the Nazi German regime, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee. The purpose of the conference was to inform administrative leaders of Departments responsible for various policies relating to Jews that Reinhard Heydrich had been appointed as the chief executor of the "Final solution to the Jewish question".
June 4th, 1913.
Tattenham Corner, Epsom racecourse, Surrey - Emily Wilding Davison was a militant activist who fought for women's suffrage in Britain. She was jailed on nine occasions and force-fed 49 times. She is best known for stepping in front of King George V's horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby on 4 June 1913, sustaining injuries that resulted in her death four days later.
February 28th 1953.
Room 103 in the Austin Wing, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University , UK where James Watson and Francis Crick discovery double helix structure of DNA.
January 30th 1972.
Bloody Sunday in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, Chamberlain Street is where Jackie Duddy ( 17) and Patrick Doherty (31) were shot by soldiers of the British Army. A total 26 unarmed civil-rights protesters and bystanders were shot.
December 21st 1988.
Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled Pan Am transatlantic flight from Frankfurt to Detroit via London and New York. N739PA, the aircraft operating the transatlantic leg of the route, was destroyed by a bomb, killing all 243 passengers and 16 crew. The nose of flight 103 crashed in the field off B7068 road looking north at Tundergarth, Lockerbie.
April 24th 1916.
General Post office, O'Connell Street, Dublin. The Easter Uprising took place in April 1916 in Dublin and is one of the pivotal events in modern Irish history. At the end of the Easter Uprising, 15 men identified as leaders were executed at Kilmainham Jail. To some, these men were traitors, to others they became heroes. On the morning of Monday 24 April, about 1,200 members of the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army mustered at several locations in central Dublin. The General Post office in O''Connell Street would be the rebels' headquarters for most of the Rising.
June 28th 1914.
The Latin Bridge in Sarajevo, the site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria which led to the start of the First World War.
November 7th 1917.
The Russian revolution was led by the Bolsheviks, who used their influence in the Petrograd Soviet to organise the armed forces. Bolshevik Red Guards forces under the Military Revolutionary Committee began the takeover of government buildings and the Winter Palace (the seat of the Provisional government located in Petrograd, (then capital of Russia, now named Saint Petersburg, was captured.
March 27th 1981.
Gdansk shipyards, Poland. Solidarity take nationwide strike in protest against police beating several union activists (including Jan Rulewski) in Bydgoszcz. The Union held a four-hour national warning strike. The whole country was brought to a standstill, demonstrating the enormous influence of Solidarity.
April 11th 1912.
Titanic was anchored off Roches Point for just 2 hours. On the 11th April 1912 the newly built White Star liner Titanic called to the port of Queenstown (now known as Cobh) on her maiden voyage. Titanic had set out from Southampton on her intended transatlantic voyage and called to Cherbourg before continuing onto Queenstown. The flagship of the White Star Line arrived at Roches Point (the outer anchorage of Queenstown Harbour - the entrance to Cork Harbour) at 11.30am. A total of 123 passengers embarked at Queenstown, three travelled first class, seven second class while the remainder travelled in steerage (3rd class). A total of 1,308 passengers were on board as they left Queenstown together with 898 crew members making a total of 2,206 people on board as she embarked on her final fateful journey.
March 11th 2004.
Atocha Station, Madrid, Spain. At 07.34hrs ten explosions occurred aboard four commuter trains. The bombings constituted the deadliest terrorist attack carried out in the history of both Spain and the European Union killed 192 people and injured more than 1,800. There was strong evidence, including the type of explosives used, that al Qaeda-inspired militants were behind the attacks, But a decade on, there are those in Spain who still refuse to rule out the possibility Eta involvement. Twenty one people, mostly Moroccans, were convicted of involvement in the attacks. Three of the key defendants received maximum jail sentences.
November 9th 1989.
The Bornholmer Strasse border crossing was the first breach of the Berlin wall by citizens of the DDR.